Solid-State Atomic & Fusion Energy (S-SAFE)

The case for Solid-State Atomic & Fusion Energy (S-SAFE)

Richard Feynman was right. There is plenty room at the bottom and the quantum revolution has only begun. From transistors to superconducting materials, scientists have only begun to understand the behavior of matter at the nanometer level where quantum effects dominate. Can these properties be used to enable Solid-State Atomic & Fusion Energy (S-SAFE), a phenomena that is also referred to as cold fusion or low energy nuclear reactions (LENR)?

Scientists from the US, EU, Japan, India, and China have independently observed the production of excess heat when nano-materials, made of metallic composites, react with hydrogen isotopes and controlled heat. While a consistent theory to explain this phenomenon has yet to be proposed, the coherent or collective effects at the quantum level are thought to enable reaction pathways that are not explained with nuclear science.

Unlike fusion reactors that require 100s of millions of degrees, LENR occurs at less than 1000 degrees, saving time and costs. | Photo Credit: Francesco Ungaro on Pexels

According to government funded studies in Japan, S-SAFE is estimated to be four orders of magnitude higher than the equivalent chemical reaction per unit of hydrogen atom. No radioactive materials or radiation are produced. Unlike fusion reactors that require 100s of millions of degrees, S-SAFE occurs at less than 1000 degrees.

Concurrent developments in hydrogen energy systems, metallurgy, nano materials, quantum science, and semiconductor manufacturing are enabling S-SAFE to move forward.

Since 2015, government agencies in Japan, EU, and the US have funded public R&D programs in S-SAFE.

Government funded S-SAFE programs

US Labs

NIST
Army Research Lab
Naval Research Lab
NASA

HERMES (EU)

University of Limerick (Ireland)
Aalto University (Finland)
Brno University of Technology (Czech Republic)
CNRS - National Centre for Scientific Research (France)
Imperial College London (UK)
Technical University of Munich (Germany)
University of Turku (Finland)

NEDO (Japan)

Tohoku University
Kyushu University
Kobe University
Osaka University
Technova
Nissan
The following books provide an overview of the history, observations, experiments, theories on S-SAFE for scientists and non-scientists alike.

S-SAFE Books

Cold Fusion: Advances in Condensed Matter Nuclear Science

Jean-Paul Biberian
2020
Cold Fusion provides a concise description of the existing technological approaches in cold fusion or low energy nuclear reaction engineering.

Hacking the Atom: Explorations in Nuclear Research

Steven B. Krivit
2016
A rare behind-the-scenes look at the players and personalities involved in low-energy nuclear reaction (LENR) research between 1990 and 2015.

Excess Heat: Why Cold Fusion Prevailed

Charles G. Beaudette
2017
An investigative report prepared for the general reader to explain how the most extraordinary claim made in the basic sciences during the twentieth century was mistakenly dismissed through errors of scientific protocol.

Fire From Ice

Eugene F. Mallove
1991
All the major twists and turns of the cold fusion story are related with a modest amount of technical detail; it should be quite intelligible to laypeople.
ScienceOfLowEnergyNuclearReaction

The Science of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction

Edmund Sturms
2007
This book covers the history and science behind cold fusion as well as recent developments in the field's technology.

Nuclear Energy Encyclopedia

Steven B. Krivit, et al
2011
The encyclopedia is packed with cutting-edge information about where nuclear energy science and technology came from, where they are today, and what the future may hold for this vital technology.

The Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction

Edmund Storms
2014
Surveys observational data generated by LENR experiments: essential reading for those interested in how LENR works.

Nuclear Transmutation: The Reality of Cold Fusion

Tadahiko Mizuno
2017
An excellent beginning for those who want to learn more about the cold fusion story: covers one scientist's experience on the frontiers of knowledge.

Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions Sourcebook

Jan Marwan & Steven B. Krivit
2008
This book offers further insight into LENR substantiated by previously unpublished studies as well as new and controversial theories to approach LENR with access to new sources and experimental results.
Back to Top
© 2022 Anthropocene Institute   |   Privacy Policy  | Terms and Conditions
menuchevron-rightcross-circle linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram