Solid-State Atomic & Fusion Energy (S-SAFE)

The case for Solid-State Atomic & Fusion Energy (S-SAFE)

Richard Feynman was right. There is plenty room at the bottom and the quantum revolution has only begun. From transistors to superconducting materials, scientists have only begun to understand the behavior of matter at the nanometer level where quantum effects dominate. Can these properties be used to enable Solid-State Atomic & Fusion Energy (S-SAFE), a phenomena that is also referred to as cold fusion or low energy nuclear reactions (LENR)?

Scientists from the US, EU, Japan, India, and China have independently observed the production of excess heat when nano-materials, made of metallic composites, react with hydrogen isotopes and controlled heat. While a consistent theory to explain this phenomenon has yet to be proposed, the coherent or collective effects at the quantum level are thought enable reaction pathways that are not explained with classical mechanics.

Unlike fusion reactors that require 100s of millions of degrees, LENR occurs at less than 1000 degrees, saving time and costs. | Photo Credit: Francesco Ungaro on Pexels

S-SAFE is estimated to be four orders of magnitude higher than the equivalent chemical reaction per unit of hydrogen atom. No radioactive materials or radiation are produced. Unlike fusion reactors that require 100s of millions of degrees, S-SAFE occurs at less than 1000 degrees.

Concurrent developments in hydrogen energy systems, metallurgy, nano materials, quantum science, and semiconductor manufacturing are enabling S-SAFE to move forward.

Government funded S-SAFE programs

US Labs

Army Research Lab
Naval Research Lab


University of Limerick (Ireland)
Aalto University (Finland)
Brno University of Technology (Czech Republic)
CNRS - National Centre for Scientific Research (France)
Imperial College London (UK)
Technical University of Munich (Germany)
University of Turku (Finland)

NEDO (Japan)

Tohoku University
Kyushu University
Kobe University
Osaka University
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